This presentation from June 2010, presented at the SIGDEV conference of that year, describes an approach to exploiting medical supplies in order to track down Osama bin Laden: see the Intercept article The NSA Plan to Find Bin Laden by Hiding Tracking Devices in Medical Supplies, 21 May 2015.
This post from internal NSA newsletter SIDToday dated 5 July 2003 describes how the agency utilised medical SIGINT to gain insights into the impact of China’s SARS outbreak that year, including details of the partner agencies NSA collaborated with: see the Intercept article How the U.S. Spies on Medical Nonprofits and Health Defenses Worldwide, 10 August 2016.
This post from internal NSA newsletter SIDToday, dated 27 August 2003 announces a new collaboration with academics from Lawrence Livermore National Academy to distinguish signals intelligence gained from civilian pharmaceutical projects from those that may be used for biological warfare. The “proof of concept” chosen for the initiative is a “suspect Iranian BW facility”: see the Intercept article How the U.S. Spies on Medical Nonprofits and Health Defenses Worldwide, 10 August 2016.