This GCHQ research report dated 20 September 2011, cowritten by researchers at Heilbronn Institute for Mathematical Research based at the University of Bristol, concerns the use of data mining techniques to develop usable intelligence as well as the contradictions that arise from the use of algorithms to identify wrong doers, or potential wrong doers. The paper also provides a great deal of background information on GCHQ operations and the detailed discussion of network theory demonstrates the power of metadata collection: see the Boing Boing article Doxxing Sherlock, 2 February 2016.
Nearly two years after the High Court in London found that the nine-hour detention of David Miranda at Heathrow Airport had been lawful, the Court of Appeal has issued an [important rulingfinding the UK in breach of its international human rights obligations, particularly regarding the freedom of the press. In a rare move, the court issued a Declaration of Incompatibility on Schedule 7 of the Terrorism Act 2000 – the closest an English court can get to striking a law down.
This undated page from GCHQ’s internal GCWiki shows that the agency’s usual retention periods for metadata and content can be extended for cyber defence purposes: see the Intercept article Profiled: From Radio to Porn, British Spies Track Web Users’ Online Identities, 25 September 2015.
This undated page from GCHQ’s internal GCWiki describes the agency’s audit procedure to document compliance with the UK Human Rights Act: see the Intercept article Profiled: From Radio to Porn, British Spies Track Web Users’ Online Identities, 25 September 2015.
This GCHQ document, last updated on 23 July 2008, provides information about the agency’s systems for detecting network threats and authorisation procedures: see the Intercept article Spies Hacked Computers Thanks to Sweeping Secret Warrants, Aggressively Stretching U.K. Law, 22 June 2015.
This undated GCHQ document provides guidance for analysts on how to handle encrypted data: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
This GCHQ presentation from 2011 provides the background to the agency’s hacking attack on Belgacom: see the Intercept article Operation Socialist: The Inside Story of How British Spies Hacked Belgium’s Largest Telco, 13 December 2014.
This 2011 presentation, created by GCHQ’s Network Analysis Centre describes new techniques for gathering reconnaissance on the IT personnel of targeted organisations (their “Network Operations Centres”), using Belgacom as an example in several slides: see the Intercept article Operation Socialist: The Inside Story of How British Spies Hacked Belgium’s Largest Telco, 13 December 2014.
To coincide with the release of Laura Poitras’ film CitizenFour, which documents the causes, motivations and consequences of Edward Snowden’s momentous act of whistleblowing, Edward Snowden gave a number of new interviews and video appearances in the US and UK.
The High Court in London has ruled that it is acceptable to detain journalists under terrorism legislation.
David Miranda is the partner of former Guardian journalist Glenn Greenwald, who first reported on Edward Snowden’s whistleblowing about the NSA’s mass surveillance programs. On 18 August 2013, he was detained at Heathrow airport while changing planes on a trip between Heathrow and Rio de Janeiro. Miranda was questioned for just under the statutory limit of nine hours, was forced to give over passwords, had personal electronic equipment confiscated and not allowed to speak to his solicitor until eight hours had passed.
The UK Government’s attempts to prevent reporting on the Snowden revelations – which include ordering the destruction of the Guardian’s hard drives – have generated sustained international criticism. The World Association of Newspaper and News Publishers launched an unprecedented mission to the UK to investigate press freedom issues just last month.
David Miranda’s lawyers Bindmans have announced that he will be appealing today’s judgment. Miranda was not given an automatic right of appeal, so it is up to the Court of Appeal itself to decide whether to grant a hearing.
Permission to appeal was eventually granted in May 2014.