Extracts from a 2005 draft directive from the NSA’s director of signals intelligence reveal that, contrary to the “common understanding” that the a no-spying agreement existed between members of the ‘Five Eyes’ intelligence alliance (comprising the UK, US, Canada, Australia and New Zealand), the NSA reserved the right to target allies unilaterally in certain circumstances: see the Guardian article US and UK struck secret deal to allow NSA to ‘unmask’ Britons’ personal data, 20 November 2013.
This presentation gives an overview of the NSA’s programmes targeting the fibre optic cables that carry much of the world’s internet traffic. One slide gives a breakdown of which data sources form the basis of Presidential daily briefings. Another shows that the access point used to collect Yahoo and Google cloud data (MUSCULAR) is operated by GCHQ on UK territory. Slides detailing RAMPART cable accesses were published by the Intercept on 18 June 2014: see the Washington Post article How we know the NSA had access to internal Google and Yahoo cloud data, 4 November 2013.